In the world of fragrance, we love to talk about perfume notes. Indulging in the ideals of orchards full of succulent ripe Apples, fields brimming with dusty Lavender, the marvellous woods of the forest and even the Moss of damped stones. Then, of course, there are the majestic beds of fulled bloomed Roses and banks of empress-like Jasmine flowers. We may well feel by dousing ourselves with these natural scents we are at one with mother nature. Yet that’s not really quite true, there are some synthetics (notes made in a laboratory) that in certain respects show more ‘power’ than certain natural notes. So let’s just sidestep for a moment. And anyway why do we wear scent? Outside of the love of delicious smells we are so often enticed into how scent connects us via our memories and of course to feel sexier, more empowered, and to attract a mate. Find out more in The Smell Of Love here.
Left main image Paul Moreland
DS & Durga I Don’t Know What EDP. A Bergamot accord announces freshness, Vetiver Acetate a thin amber, Firsantol a lingering sandalwood, Iso E Super a radiance, and so on. A fragrance enhancer with transparent radiance that gives any perfume a certain, as the French say, “I don’t know what.” Jusbox Cheeky Smile is a woody amber scent. With ultra-modern notes of Iso E Super, Ambercore and Amber Extreme blends with Cashmeran. Olfactory avant-garde. Music is religion. Acid House is a cult. The second season of Summer of Love opens in London temples Shoom and Future. Byredo Super Cedar. A modern scent reduced to the essential. The powerful woody notes of cedar inject energy, add warmth and lend verticality to the fragrance. Reminiscent of pencil shavings, it evokes a sense of nostalgia for school days with Top notes of Rose Petals and Virginian Cedarwood in its heart and finally Haitian Vetiver, Silk Musk
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When it comes to scent, for some reason, we equate synthetic notes as a little evil and natural notes as good but it’s a bit more complex than that. There is also a misunderstanding as to the safety of naturals versus synthetics, with naturals being seen as safer, but again this is not necessarily the truth either. Both may well have issues.
Synthetics, as the chemistry gets better and better, can be significantly cheaper to produce and easier to make with some additional functions and characteristics.
There are very tight controls in Europe and the UK on materials utilised in perfumery. Natural materials are highly concentrated and can contain allergens. Think of items like Oakmoss, which can only be used very sparingly because, for some, they can irritate the skin. Oakmoss extracted from nature should not be used if its quantity exceeds 0.1%
Burberry Signatures High Tea EDP 100ml inspired by the distinctly British tradition of afternoon tea. Find verdant lavender fields of the countryside. Roman chamomile extract, bergamot essence and a heart of maté rouse the aromas of tea leaves, enriched by powerful notes of floral lavender and rounded with delicate neroli. An exquisite moment of solace on a summer afternoon. Lavender and tea: two icons of English perfumery fused together. PHLUR Phloria EDP 50ml Sparkling citrus illuminates. Glistening solar jasmine wafts into island white florals and drifts into warm woods that sweep you away to a sophisticated paradise. At the top find Bergamot, lemon, wet greens, cyclamen with heart notes: Golden gardenia, jasmine, tuberoseBase notes: Vanilla, skin musk, sandalwood, ambrox, cedarwood. Escentric Molecules Molecule 01 + Mandarin simply consists of Iso E Super and Mandarin. Geza says “That’s what I love about Molecule 01 + Mandarin, it may be a dance of two but the story changes completely from beginning to middle to end. “There’s more to mandarin; it’s very fruity and aromatic as well. It’s a beautiful ingredient. As it begins to fade, Molecule 01 syncs in, bringing a warm, erogenous feeling to play
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Or of course, there are some naturals no longer used that are now either extinct (from overharvest) or from cruel practice.
Both Civit and Musk have a long history in scent but are now not used in their natural form. Civet musk or Civet oil is the glandular secretion produced by the animal the Civit. Musk, commonly used as base notes in perfumery and as a fixative, comes from glandular secretions from animals such as the musk deer. The quality wanted is the almost animalistic pheromones that these give after all the secretions give off ‘sexual availability’ to other animals in the same family. So taking these from living animals is not in any way acceptable in this day and age, therefore chemical substitutes have been created.
It seems we have wanted to encapsulate the power of ‘sexual availability’ via scent for a long time. It is believed Cleopatra rubbed Civit on her eyebrows before meeting her lover Marc Anthony.
Sandalwood, for many years, came all the way from India, a much-prized perfume ingredient. But uncontrolled harvesting had caused populations to dwindle. As it is so important to the local community, India imposed an export ban on this wood which is now grown sustainably on plantations in Australia for exportation needs.
INITIO Side Effect Eau de Parfum, Tobacco, Vanilla, Rum and Cinnamon harmonise for spell binding effects.The carnal Blends collection dares to engage with fantasy-fuelling ingredients, carnal notes, and committed, powerful and distinctive couplings, and celebrates transgressive fragrance compositions with the power to awaken pleasure, to stir physical attraction. J.U.S Ambraser, A salty dry incense perfume and a synesthetic experiment which is plays with the wearer’s imagination. The sensation of waves over smooth pebbles (pepper, bergamot, sea salt and iso-e-super) becomes fragrant smoke from salty amber (labdanum, hyssop, amber). ELLA K Mémoire de Daisen In from Kyoto, Japan. The exquisite rose bushes in full bloom lining the alley drench the air with their powerful fragrances. Discreetly hidden at the end lies the entrance to the Japanese garden, a visual and sensual surprise.
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The aroma components from natural products have been used for mental, spiritual and physical healing since the beginning time. Think of ancient civilizations in Egypt, China and India, who utilised aromatherapy as a popular complementary and alternative therapy for more than thousands of years, But this is far from the perfume we know today.
We know natural fragrance notes will not last as long on the skin as their synthetic counterparts due to the natural volatility of the materials. But naturals may well have added facets that simply are too fractional and have too much depth to be fully created in a synthetic.
Commodity Gold Personal The signature Gold essence of Vanilla, Sandalwood and Amber made ethereal with Iso E Super. The delicate Vanilla-based fragrance catches the skin with a soft, barely-there glimmer. Creed Aventus a sophisticated scent, sensual, audacious and contemporary, this rich and iconic. It combines tantalising fruity head notes of Apple, Blackcurrant, pink Pepper and Bergamot with a complementary fresh and fruity heart of Jasmine, Pineapple and Patchouli. Rounding off this spray is a rich, woody base of Oakmoss, Cedarwood, Birch and Creed’s signature ingredient, Ambergris, for the ultimate olfactive experience. Juliette Has A Gun Lady Vengence Lady Vengeance represents the fragrance of a woman for whom the game of seduction no longer holds any secrets. The Bulgarian Rose, the most elegant but also the most prickly, marries exceptionally with Patchouli and Vanilla to release this fine elegance, both contemporary and inevitable.
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But there is no right or wrong, most within the world of fragrance would agree, a mixture ultimately makes the best fragrance. If you have ever been lucky enough to sink your nose into one of the Ostens natural ingredients vials from the Préparation Oil Collection with Rose Oil, Cedarwood Heart Jasmine Absolute, or Patchouli Heart then you will understand the utter glory of truly grand naturals.
But let’s mention the donkey in the room. There are seriously not enough Roses grown in the world to ever supply all the rose perfumes for sale, or enough Bergamot grown to supply all those opening bursting fresh starts to fragrances, so really that is the bottom line, therefore it is common sense; most brands must use some synthetics whether they say so or not. So maybe it is time to start a more honest conversation about synthetics being just as beautiful in their own ways as naturals.
Synthesized fragrant ingredients started to be used in perfumery at the beginning 19th century by chemists; think of them more as experimental, like Vanilla that went on to be called Vanillin, or say a kind of Tonka Bean creaminess that became Coumarin (around 1820), to name literally just a couple.
Versace Dylan Purple Eau de Parfum 100ml. A floral-fruity fragrance featuring an explosion of sparkling fruits and elegant florals. Coach Floral Eau de Parfum 50ml feminine new scent inspired by our signature Tea Roses. The fragrance opens with a splash of citrus and a touch of pink Peppercorn with radiant pineapple sorbet. The heart rose tea, Jasmine sambac and Gardenia, before an enveloping dry-down to elegant creamy wood, Patchouli and musky notes. Ellis Brooklyn Iso Gamma Super EDP A fascinating woody, ambergris-like note, Iso Gamma Super is enchanting on its own or as an amazing amplifier of other fragrances. Created via green chemistry, this unique synthetic note is hypoallergenic. Designed for fragrance minimalists and for those looking to customise their fragrance collection
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But it wasn’t until the turn of the century, that man-made materials started to appear that didn’t come from nature, and were not ‘copies’ of a natural fruit of a flower. That’s when things really started to heat up. Chemists could bring the smells of flowers that either couldn’t be got from the plant or that notes didn’t ‘actually exist’. Meaning that the scents available were not now just from a handful of naturals but could extend to any kind of creative imagination made in a lab. Think of it like this, do you remember all the ‘salty sea spray’ perfumes in the 1990s? This happened because a synthetic called Calone (and others) was created. And then of course came a ton of sea spray fresh salty perfumes. A smell we are most familiar with, we don’t need to think too hard when we sense these types of things; they are instinctive.
We are, at our core, part of an animal family, and our sense of smell is not as well understood as some of our other senses. Yet we have the same urges that our fellow creatures have; to reproduce.
Animals use pheromones to attract a mate and we actually do the same but to a less degree. Pheromones are chemicals capable of acting like hormones, outside the body of the secreting individual, to affect the behaviour of the receiving individuals.
Plenty of research over the years has shown clearly that the part of the brain that deals with fragrances sits next to the memory centre. So when we smell bright green grassy smells it may well remind us of summers playing in the garden, the smell of lavender from grandma’s handbag, where she kept a handkerchief splashed with the herb, the moment we get a whiff of these smells we are instantly transported back. When we inhale scent, fragrance compounds are able to cross the blood-brain barrier and interact with receptors in the central nervous system.
CK In2U Woman, at The Perfume Shop , Eau De Toilette 100ml Spray, a floral amber with Top notes of Pink Grapefruit Fizz with a heart of notes Sugar and Orchid finalising in notesNeon Amber notes. Prada Luna Rossa Edt 100 ml at The Perfume Shop is an aromatic Fougere woody style scent with, top notes of Lavender, heart notes of Spearmint and in its base find Amber. Dior Homme Eau de toilette 100ml The Perfume ShopThe fresh and soothing texture of the Dior Homme aftershave lotion provides the skin with an immediate sensation of comfort, with notes of Atlas Cedar, Patchouli and Vetiver. Moschino Uomo Eau de Toilette Spray 125ml The Perfume Shop is a woody amber scent with Rosewood, sheer Coriander, and kumquat, in its heart find notes of Cyclamen, Cinnamon leaves, Clary sage finalising in Cedarwood, Mugwort, new ambered wood and a solar accord
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We have proof then that scents ‘affect us’ emotionally and also we know that certain smells give a reaction on top of the memory connection. Rosemary is good for concentration, lavender for relaxation, circuses and fresh green help with stimulation, with a feeling of refreshment. Electrophysiological studies (used to evaluate your heart’s electrical system and to check for abnormal heart rhythms) have revealed that various fragrances affected spontaneous brain activities and cognitive functions.
So it begs the question, do synthetics do the same? Sadly some synthetic ingredients can cause problems acting as for example hormone disruption. Aromachology, is the idea that fragrance can play a factor in our emotions and doesn’t seek to treat or cure in the same way that aromatherapy might claim that both synthetic and natural fragrances can have a mood-altering effect on the brain.
So we know ‘notes’ can impact us to feel a certain way, but they do not actually make us more attractive in the same way scent in the animal world works, who simply work on a more feral version of scenting called pheromones.
Are we more attracitve to a potential mate simply because of the fragrance we choose to wear? The simple answer is no, yet this is a part where a couple of very interesting perfume molecules come into play.
Kiss My Lips Solange Azagury ‘When I kissed you girl, I knew how sweet a kiss could be, like the summer sunshine, pour your sweetness over me…’’ the new Eau de Parfum and a scented candle. It captures the smell of hot sugar, tangy Lemon with a smudge of butter. Sparkling top notes of Lemon Italy, with Bergamot Sicily and Grapefruit rind fused with a touch of Raspberry and Orange flower sealed with a sprinkling of sugared white musks and white Cedar from the Atlas Mountains. From the great master perfumer, Alberto Morrilas comes Mizensir White Neroli which exudes freshness like dawn’s rays of light. Overcharged with Neroli oil and Orange blossom absolute. To make it even sharper, Hedione® was added to reinforce the zesty freshness of Bergamot oil. It finishes on a light note of white Musk, Frankincense and Clearwood®. Eau Savage Cologne Dior original scent in a cologne form that exploded the world of Hedione. The absolute classic meeting of Bergamot, Vetiver and Pink Peppercorns. Woody, fresh and spicy. A composition that immediately bursts with a spontaneous vibrancy, a treasure trove of multi-faceted nuances.
Pheromones stimulate the part of our brains that increases our feelings of longing and attraction. Based on that, various oils and perfumes have been created that include these pheromones, which supposedly attract the opposite sex.
We talk of ‘animal attraction’ simply because animals give out scents to attract a mate, so basic in any kind of lifeform. Pheromones are chemicals capable of acting like hormones outside the body of the secreting individual, to affect the behaviour of the receiving individuals. This could answer the question as to why in ancient times there was a love of using secretions from Deer and Civit: They had what we wanted and did not seem to naturally have.
We know it’s impossible to magically create true love since it’s a deeply emotional process that’s based on experiences and memories.
Goldfield and Banks Velvet Splendour EDP. think a large bunch of sunburnt wildflowers in both arms and press one’s face gently into it. An impressionist’s painting of a long drive through the open, breezy and cloudless countryside. The mimosa (wattle) tree bursts into bloom, marking the first sign of spring in Australia. Soft yellows are shaded against blue skies. The first inhale is an immediate mix of green stems, yellow blooms, cool air and warm light. BDK Sel d’Agent EDP, a silver sea glimmers under the fading light The waves are subsiding little by little, and the moon, discreetly, is rising in the sky as the red sunset. On the way home, the scent of the fig trees perfumes the early evening and the fresh, clear sea air already signals the wistfulness of the end of summer. The essence of Italian Bergamot, Grapefruit, Salted accord with Orange Blossom Absolute from Tunisia, Ylang-Ylang Essence from Madagascar and Galbanum Essence from Iran, finishing with Ambroxan, Cashmeran, Timbersilk and White Musk. Lalique Pink Paradise EDP Fluffy. Airy. Heavenly, a fresh sea breeze of Musks and Woods from the Les Compositions Parfumées collection. A pink, fluffy cloud of Musk, floating on a Heliotrope and Jasmine-scented sea breeze. A dash of Pepper, like the black sand of an island beach. The warmth of Amber skin, silky as Sandalwood. The air is alive with vibrant Iso E Super.
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Love potions from Shakespeare to the modern day (think Harry Potter) we have been searching for a way to make others fall in love with us. Obviously, each of us has a unique smell so no perfume can actually replicate individual bodily odours. All of us have our own scent, who doesn’t love the smell of their partner’s worn t-shirt? Sadly it yet seems to work in the same way it does for animals, but we have got kind of close.
Hedione and Iso E Super are the only two natural or synthetic notes so far that have an effect it seems on human pheromones. The note Hedione has been seen in tests to interplay with chemical hormones that stimulate the part of our brains that increases our feelings of longing and attraction. This is directly related to sex and sexual attraction.
At top Escentric Molecules, Molecule 01 is the original pure perfume in the Iso E Super Story. It consists of the molecule Iso E Super pure and singular. This molecule hovers close to the skin to create an indefinable aura around the wearer. Escentric Molecules Escentric E01 is the original perfume in the EM ranger that introduced Iso E Super to the world, here blended with Lime peel, Hedione, Orris, Balsamic notes, and fresh musk. This perfume contains both magical ingredients and is called the Eccentric collection as opposed to the Molocule collection. Serge Lutens Feminite Du Bois, is a confection of cedar wood inspired by the warm, honeyed scents emanating from the covered stalls selling leatherwork in Morocco. It expresses the masculine side of femininity and vice versa. Wood accounted for 60% of the composition. diptyque Eau Duelle edt An ode to travel and vanilla. Along the spice route, the vanilla at the heart of the scent is luminous, with addictive accents of calamus and dark, smoky nuances of Cypriol. Bourbon vanilla from Madagascar reveals itself between darkness and light. Escentric Molecules Escentric 03 focuses on Vetiveryl Acetate in a formula that pays tribute to the three roots used in perfumery: Vetiver, Ginger and Orris, which is extracted from the roots of the Florentine Iris.
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The first of these notes is Hedione. First synthesised in 1958, it has become one of the most important compounds in perfume-making. Warm, and radiant, with an important action, that connects the scents, or notes, in a perfume pulling them together but also giving the scent an explosive effect.
Named from the Greek, Hedone, meaning hedonism or pleasure, it is the only perfume compound that has been shown to stimulate a sexual response in humans. So in effect, it stimulates the area of the brain that deals with sexual attraction, the nearest thing we humans have to animals’ pheromones (or so we believe at this point).
Robert Firmenich owner of the fragrance and flavour company Firmenich commissioned a young scientist to explore the note of Jasmine. In 1957 perfumes were seen as incomplete without Jasmine, yet it was, and still is, extremely expensive to produce. A synthetic was needed. One existed with 87% of the Jasmine essential oil constituents had been identified but it was felt that it was missing part of the subtlety of the flower.
Aqua di Parma Colonia, the iconic Acqua di Parma Eau de Cologne symbolises Italianity in a universally-loved, harmonious citrus blend. An opening of Lemon, Sweet Orange, Calabrian Bergamot that meets in the middle with Lavender, Bulgarian Rose, Verbena, Rosemary and finishes off with vetiver, Sandalwood and Patchouli. Goutal Petite Chérie EDP was created by Annick Goutal as a gift for her daughter Camille. The sensual fragrance captures youthful femininity with fruity notes of juicy pear and peach, combined with intoxicating musky rose and a base of velvety vanilla. A wonderfully youthful fragrance, it is sprinkled with the scent of freshly-cut grass.
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So Edouard Demole investigated the Mediterranean Jasmine flower as part of his PhD. Of course, Demole managed to uncover the remaining 13%. Hidden within this elusive fraction was the fundamental component responsible for the wonderful radiance and deep, sweet floral character of the flower. This is what initially became Hedione and has been used ever since. Over the last forty-something years versions of Hedione have been created and updated.
The world of perfumery was not initially that interested in Hedione until one rather important perfumer made a rather significant men’s scent. Legendary perfumer Edmond Roudnitska created Eau Savage in 1966 the first men’s perfume for the house of Dior, utilising the idea of a classic bright zingy citrus men’s scent and revolutionary at the time adding in Jasmine via Hedione. At only 2%,(Odeur 53 by Comme des Garçons used 65%!) the chemical note made the scent explosive because of its ability to bring different facets together but also as an expander and a fixative quality. It blew the world of perfume up.
The assumption that Hedione is attractive was all but confirmed by a cell physiologist’s 2015 paper. It was discovered that Hedione activates the putative pheromone receptor VN1R1, located in the olfactory epithelium and one of five still left in humans out of hundreds that occur in other mammals. It’s the first time that a scent has been known to activate the pheromone receptor in humans.
Angel Mugler EDP (refillable) Celebrate 30 years of ultra femininity with the iconic blue star: Angel Eau de Parfum, a gourmand fragrance that combines the power of patchouli with the sensuality of notes of praline, red fruits and vanilla absolute. Obsession EDP Calvin Klein Launched in 1985, Calvin Klein Obsession is a lasting and powerful oriental fragrance that is as appealing today as it was at launch. An intoxicating blend of florals and spices with an earthly, warm base; haunting, intensely feminine and lasting.
We understand that Hedione activates the brain’s areas in the limbic system, a part of the brain associated with emotions, memory and motivation. Even more significantly, however, was that Hedione activated a specific area of the hypothalamus in women, which in turn ignites the endocrine system, promoting a response to sexual cues. Ok, this doesn’t mean if you wear perfume with Hedione that the subject of your attention will just simply fall in love with you, but it’s a start…
So the note Iso E Super was originally introduced in the mid-1970s by International Flavors and Fragrances Inc another fragrance and flavour company. Iso E Super is one of the most successful synthetic aroma chemicals in the history of perfumery; a woody-amber odour in so many fragrances.
Louis Vuitton Sr La Route EDP for men A dash of Cédrat evokes brand new adventures. Fresh as a splash of water on the cheeks a blend of Calabrian citrus, starting with Cédrat and Bergamot, added to a grassy green accent and the enveloping scents of Peruvian balsam. A fragrance that resonates like the most vivid heartbeat. Maison Francis Kurkjdian Aqua Vitae This citrusy scent tickles the senses and wakes you with lemon from Calabria, Mandarins from Sicily, Hedione, Vanilla absolute, Tonka bean and Gaiac wood. The delicious whisper of Aqua Vitae eau de toilette consumes the space between you and the other triggering an irresistible urge to plant tender kisses on the neck. Mizensir white Neroli in the majestic hands of perfumer Alberto Morillas find Bergamot, Neroli and Hedione to open followed by Orange Blossom finalising with Oliban, White Musks, Clearwood and Patchouli.
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As well as having a clear note it aids in the diffusion of notes used with it, as well as giving a scent more ‘body’, and has been said to almost enable elements to ‘smell more like itself’. Because of this many people believe it to have pheromone effects, but this has not been proved in the same way that Hedione does yet it does have a very interesting tale to go with it and also one that backs up why so many think it does have these sexual allure to it.
The perfumer Geza Schoen is the man credited with making this note known far beyond the walls of perfumery studios. He noticed that in all the fragrances he loved Iso E Super was a key perfume note.
So he thought to himself why not make a perfume that is just Iso E Super? So he did. When he first went to see the perfumer buyer at a very prestigious store, she couldn’t smell anything and sent him away with a ‘flee in his ear’. Probably because it is known to be almost ‘non-existent’, and some are anosmic to it (they either permanently or temporarily can’t smell it)
Lilanur Vetiver Mousson, EDP An olfactive evocation of the fleeting moment when summer ends and the monsoon season begins, bringing with it the second flush of blooming jasmine, its scent transported by fresh breezes and quenching droplets of rain. Mingling with this smell of welcome downpours and fresh flowers is the earthy, grassy aroma of vetiver, associated in India with a feeling of profound tranquillity. Vetiver Jasmine Sambac, Ylang Ylang, Guaiac Wood. Lilanur Davana Cedre EDP, An Indian plant holy to the Hindu deity Shiva, the god of transformation, Davana is prized for the multi-faceted, herbaceous scent of its flowers and leaves, which add a flash of green to the lush blooms of devotional garlands and bouquets. Davana, Cedar
with Pink Pepper, Angelique, Cassis and Musk. Miller Harris powdered Veil, starts out bright, with a contrast of pink pepper and rhubarb. A delicate amber with the lightest of orchid petals creates a delicate and sensuous aura, combined with transparent florals and the freshness of Hedione. All of this delicacy sits atop a complex and sensual dry-down that wraps itself around the wearer. Amber, Vanilla Bourbon, Sandalwood and musk all feature in a rich swirl of richness and warmth. Maison Francis Kurkdjian Aqua Vitae, is sensually full-bodied by nature and delicate by essence. It scents the skin to become one with the wearer. This citrusy scent tickles the senses and wakes you with Lemon from Calabria, mandarins from Sicily, Hedione, Vanilla absolute, Tonka bean and Guaiac wood. The delicious whisper of Aqua Vitae eau de toilette consumes the space between you and the other triggering an irresistible urge to plant tender kisses on the neck.
So said perfume buyer pops off home, but her journey was rather unexpected. Passers-by to a cab driver literally were stopping her to ask what fragrance she was wearing. She made the biggest order the next day of the scent that the store had ever made. And so the Lemony Velvet-like, woody, dry, sexy, extraordinarily explosive romance, with this molecule, started.
Iso E Super’s said to help ‘personalise’ fragrances and maybe that is part of its magic and why people think it works like a pheromone but it is yet to be proven, ask anyone that wears it, how many people literally stop them in the street, meaning there must be something magical?
All of the big scent and taste companies have departments where they consistently test substances, so we must be sure they are looking for elusive substances all the time and the list of known pheromones is growing continually. New technologies like headspace (Computers analyze existing structures and calculate molecular descriptors) are constantly arriving and our ability to create ‘scent’ is getting far more accurate.
Laboratorio Olfattivo, Need _U this perfume, needs skin to express itself, its intentions. No mouillettes, no dresses. Leather and only leather. If you have this union, then Need_U releases all its seductive force. With Italian Lemon, pink Pepper, white flowers, Jasmine (Hedione HC), Sea spray and Ambroxan, Sandalwood, White musks
However much progress we have made with pheromones we now know they only work on men. So women wearing these types of perfumes instil a greater sexual desire in the men surrounding them which may well also alter their self-esteem which we know is a sexy quality but it’s not a definite as of yet, and the results, when worn, are somewhat fleeting.
This fascinating topic is going nowhere, even though it’s been 13 years since any really new information has been shared the experimentation goes on. If someone really could create the smell of love then not only would they but unbelievably rich they would also cause havoc.
If you enjoyed reading The Smell of Love here then why not read Bright Lights Brat Pack Here
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